Microbiological and mycotoxin risk assessment in ruminant feeding in Sulaimani governorate

Microbiological and mycotoxin risk assessment in ruminant feeding in Sulaimani governorate


Hozan Jalil Hamasalim1, Karwan Muhamad Hama Khan1 & Sarwar Mohammed Sadq1


1Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of sulaimani
E-mail: hozan_jalil@yahoo.com






Article info

Original: 24 May.  2015

Revised: 18 August.  2015

Accepted: 30 August.  2015

Published online: 20 March.  2016





Key Words:

Ruminant
Feed, Microbiological
Quality, Identification
of Fungal and
Mycotoxin.


Abstract
Background: Feed contamination and poisoning by microbial and fungal genera pose
obvious health threat to animals. Method: Vesa, ZAB, MIK, Deern, Zano and Zizar types
of ruminant feed used in Sulaimani Governorate were analyzed for their bacterial and
fungal quality. Identification of fungal isolates with determination of aflatoxin,
ochratoxin and T-2 toxin for all trademarks and local feed and the prime target of this
research would be background foreshadow for some danger of ruminant feedstuff in
Sulaimani governorate and taking these aspects in consideration to assess
microbiological quality and mycotoxins in ruminant feed. Result: The genera of bacteria
and fungi isolated and their occurrence were Salmonella sp., total plate count and total
fungal count. Based on standard method identification of fungal species in brands
ruminant feed and local ruminant feed, the all commonly isolated genera were
Aspergillus spp., Penicillium spp and Fusarium spp. Finally, detected concentration of
each aflatoxin, ochratoxin and T-2 toxin in brands ruminant feed and local ruminant feed.
Most types of ruminant feed under study were lower than the maximal standard limits of
aflatoxin while all types of brands ruminant feed and local ruminant feed under study
were lower than the maximal tolerance limits of ochratoxin and T-2 toxin.






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Ramyar Abdolrahman Taimur Ismail,
Mar 22, 2016, 8:58 AM