Issues‎ > ‎Vol7No3‎ > ‎

sjes-10137

Tests on workability and strength of high strength-flowable concrete containing PET waste fiber

1,a Sarkawt H. Karim , 2,Azad A. Mohammed

a,b University of Sulaimani, College of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department

Received 14 March , 2020 Accepted 27 August  2020,   Available online 30 December 2020

ABSTRACT

This study describes two workability tests, compressive strength and tensile strength tests of high strength flowable concrete containing plastic fiber prepared from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) waste bottles. For the high fluidity mix Vebe time and V-funnel time tests were carried out. Results show that there is a Vebe time increase with PET fiber addition to concrete being increased with increasing fiber volume and fiber length. V-funnel time was found to reduce when up to 0.75% fiber volume is added to concrete, followed by an increase for larger fiber volumes. When fiber length is increase, there is more time increase, but in general, V-funnel time increase was lower than that of Vebe time, indicating a different influence of PET fiber on the compatibility and flowability. The measured V-funnel time for all mixes was found to conform to the limits of European specifications on the flowability of self compacting concrete. Small descending in compressive strength was recorded for RPET fiber reinforced concrete that reached 15.74 % for 1.5 percent fiber content with 10 mm fiber length. Attractive results was recorded in split tensile strength of RPET fibrous samples which resulted in improvement up to 63.3 % for 1.5 percent of 40 mm fiber length content.

KEYWORDS 

Compressive strength, Flowability, Tensile strength, Vebe time, V-funnel time, Workability.

REFERENCES
[1] Choi YW, Moon DJ, Chung JS, Cho SK. Cem Concr Res 2005; 35:776–81. 
[2] Won, Jong-Pil, Chang-I Jang, Sang-Woo Lee, Su-Jin Lee, and Heung-Youl Kim, (2010), "Long-term performance of recycled PET fibre-reinforced cement composites.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 660-665.
[3] ACI Committee 544. State-of-the-art report on fiber reinforced concrete, ACI 544.9R-17, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills; 2017. 
[4] Neville, A.M., Brooks, J.J., "Concrete Technology". 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall 2010. 
[5] ASTM, C143 (2012), "Standard Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete", ASTM International. 
[6] EN, BS 12350-3 (2000), Testing Fresh Concrete–Part 3: Vebe Test." British Standards Institution, London 14.
[7] Soroushian, Parviz, Ataullah Khan, and Jer-Wen Hsu, (1992), Mechanical properties of concrete materials reinforced with polypropylene or polyethylene fibers."ACI Materials Journal. Vol. 89, No. 6, pp. 535-540. 
[8] Ochi, T., S. Okubo, and K. Fukui, (2007), Development of recycled PET fiber and its application as concrete-reinforcing fiber, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 448-455. 
[9] Pelisser, Fernando, Oscar Rubem Klegues Montedo, Philippe Jean Paul Gleize, and Humberto Ramos Roman (2012), Mechanical properties of recycled PET fibers in concrete."Materials Research, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 679-686. 
[10] Nibudey, R. N., Nagarnaik, P.B., Parbat, D.K. and A. M. Pande, (2013), Cube and cylinder compressive strengths of waste plastic fiber reinforced concrete, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, Vol. 4, pp. 174-182. 
[11] Prahallada, M. C., and Parkash, K. B. (2013). Effect of different aspect ratio of waste plastic fibers on the properties of fiber reinforced concrete an experimental investigation. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology, Vol.2, pp. 1-13. 
[12] Marthong, C. (2015), Effects of PET fiber arrangement and dimensions on mechanical properties of concrete." The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 111-120. 
[13] Marthong, C. and Sarma, D.K. (2015), Mechanical Behavior of Recycled Pet Fiber Reinforced Concrete Matrix." World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 7, pp. 879-883. 
[14] ASTM, C150 (2017), Standard Specification for Portland cement." American Society for Testing and Materials: West Conshohocken, PA: USA.
[15] ASTM, C33 "Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates, in." ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, United States, (2016).
[16] Aïtcin, P. C. (1998), High-Performance Concrete, E. & FN Spon, New York. 
[17] Wiliński, Daniel, Paweł Łukowski, and Gabriel Rokicki, (2016), “Application of fibres from recycled PET bottles for concrete reinforcement”, Journal of Building Chemistry, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-9.
[18] Siddique, R., Khatib, J., Kaur, I., Use of recycled plastic in concrete: a review, Waste Manage 28 (2008) 1835–1852.
[19] Gu, L., Ozbakkaloglu, T., Use of recycled plastics in concrete: a critical review, Waste Manage. 51 (2016) 19–42.
[20] Mohammed, A. A. and Faqe Rahim, A. A., Experimental Behavior and Analysis of High Strength Concrete Beams Reinforced with PET Waste Fiber. Construction and Building Materials. 244 (2020) 1-13. [21] European federations: BIBM, CEMBUREAU, ERMCO, EFCA, EFNARC, “The European Guidelines for Self Compacting Concrete”, English edition. May 2005.
[22] BS EN 206-9:2010, Concrete. Additional rules for self-compacting concrete (SCC), pp. 503-508. 
[23] ASTM, C., 2012. Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens. Chủ biên.138
[24] Standard, A.S.T.M., C496, 2011,“Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens.” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, DOI: 10.1520/C0496_C0496M-11. 
[25] Al-Hadithi, A.I., Noaman, A.T. and Mosleh, W.K., 2019. Mechanical properties and impact behavior of PET fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete (SCC). Composite Structures, 224, p.111021.
[26] Bartos, & Sonebi, M. & Tamimi,. (2002). Workability and Rheology of Fresh Concrete: Compendium of Tests. 
[27] Kim, Sung Bae, Na Hyun Yi, Hyun Young Kim, Jang-Ho Jay Kim, and Young-Chul Song, (2010) "Material and structural performance evaluation of recycled PET fiber reinforced concrete." Cement and concrete composites 32, no. 3 (2010): 232-240. 
[28] Maruthachalam, D., & Muthukumar, J. (2013). Mechanical Performance of Recycled PET Fiber Reinforced Concrete with Low Volume Fraction. International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, 2(2), 101-108. 
[29] Prahallada, M. C., & Parkash, K. B. (2013). Effect of different aspect ratio of waste plastic fibers on the properties of fiber reinforced concrete: an experimental investigation. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology, 2, 1-13. 
[30] Marthong, Comingstarful. "Effects of PET fiber arrangement and dimensions on mechanical properties of concrete." The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering 8, no. 2 (2015): 111-120.