Issues‎ > ‎Vol6No4‎ > ‎

sjes.10111


The Role of Building Technology in Obtaining Sustainable Place Selected buildings in Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq-as case study

Alan  Faraydoon Ali

Technical Engineering College, Sulaimani polytechnic university (SPU)

Received: 04/01/2018   /   Accepted: 30/07/2018   /   Published: 22/12/2019


ABSTRACT 
The distinctive ecological issues from pollution, exhaustion of vitality and assets, pushed the sustainability  wonder through the down to earth and theoretical application to take a vast part in the contemporary worldwide patterns, as a way to discover answers for the world natural strains and its results. As the supportable engineering associated unequivocally with the biological system on one hand, and to different frameworks identified with the natural frameworks, from alternate, this has turned out to be a standout progressive the most dynamic topics in feasible applications and research. This research was to simulate this idea, with a review to the likelihood of applying manageability standards in contemporary engineering and the impact of the utilization of innovation in accomplishing this maintainability, which will prompt review the how and the approaches to accomplish sustainability in architecture   and how to utilize the innovation as the potential instruments of this time in accomplishing these manageability, offering intending to the indigenous habitat as to keep up the soul of the place. The utilization of innovation as an instrument of the advanced period to accomplish economical design, the association with nature, and understanding the idea of "soul of the place"; lead us to concentrate the likelihood of utilizing innovation and IT to see more about the importance of place and maintainability in the current time to make a positive society interface with the contemporary necessities, and furthermore with the regular habitat they live in . This research aims to reach to the clarify  the indicators of  the Building Technology and Sustainable spirit of place, then the research will analyze these indicators in different public projects in Sulaimani  city by the analyzing the average of the questionnaires answers , then reaching the conclusions and the recommendations of the research.   

KEYWORDS:    

sustainability, building technology, the place, the spirit of the place.

REFERENCES

1-     Adib, Abdul Salam (2002). The dimensions of sustainable development, Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Moroccan Engineers Association - Moroccan Labour Union, Rabat.

2-     Al Adhami, Zainab Khaled (2006). The relation of the traditional fabric structure with the contemporary urban scene updates, Master Thesis submitted to the council of the college of

         engineering / University of Baghdad, Iraq.

3-     Al Asadi,Ghalib Asad Hussain (1997) . What is the Essence of architecture, PhD Thesis submitted to the council of Collage of Engineering University of Baghdad, Iraq.

4-     Al Jaderchi, Rfaat (2007). Executive summary in a causal and dialectical architecture, dar Al Arab Unity Studies Centre, Beirut.

5-      Al Sultani, Khalid (2000). Architectural Visions, the Arab Institution for Studies and Publishing, Beirut.

6-     Al Sultani, Khalid (2007).  Missing the vanguard, modernist Russian architecture, www.arabeng.com.

7-     Al Sultani, Niran Khalid (1996). In the regional architecture – an analytical study of the architecture Levant region for the years 1995 – 1996, Master Thesis submitted to the council of

          the college of engineering / University of Baghdad, Baghdad.

8-     Ali, Alan Frayadoon (2003). Information and the methods to revitalize  the traditional urban fabric of the Arabic city, Master Thesis , the Institute of Urban and Regional Planning /

          University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

9-     Ali, Alan Frayadoon (2010). The Effect of Political System on Architectural Identity, PhD Thesis ,   the council of Collage of Engineering University of Sulaymani, Iraq.

10-   Aljwadi, Mokdad Haider and Fawzi Saad al-Naimi (2001). The impact of side- back defections side - in the amount of energy hanging over the building in the urban

         fabric in residential projects, first Regional Conference of Architecture, Baghdad.

11-   Bachelard, Gaston (1980). The aesthetics of the place, the translation of Ghalib Halasa, dar al huriia for printing, Baghdad.

12-   Baker, Geoffrey (1996). Design Strategies in Architecture, E & FN Spon, London, U.K.

13-   Gedo, Ynar Hassan (1993). Modern Ideologies in architecture- Research into the curriculum of architectural criticism, Dar al Taliah for publication, first edition, Beirut.

14-   Harrison, Steve and Paul Dourish (2003). Re-Place-Ing Space: the roles of Place and Space in Collaborative Systems, Xerox Polo Alto research centre, Cambridge Lab.

15-   Ibrahim, Mohamed & Mohsen (2005). Sustainable Architecture, published research, the first scientific conference "Architecture and Urbanism in the framework of development / the centre

         of architectural, urbanism and sustainability, University of Manwfya, Egypt.

16-   Jencks, Charles (1998). The Architecture of the Jumping Universe, Academy edition, Sussex, London.

17-   John, Wiliam A (2003). Sustainable Building Design, Sustainable Buildings Industry Council (SBIC), USA.

18-   Johnson, Kieran (1997). Virtual and Real Cities: The remodelling of urban context, Leeds University, UK.

19-   Jones, Anna   Ray (2000).  Sustainable    Architecture    in     Japan – The Green Buildings   of   Nikken   Sekkei, Wiley Academy, UK.

20-   Kharoufa, Omar (2006). Energy in the local sustainable architecture - the impact of the space organization properties of the residential system on the Forms of energy consumption,

         unpublished PhD thesis - University of Baghdad, Iraq.

21-   Kim, Jong-Jin & Rigdon, Brenda (1998). Sustainable Architecture Module: Introduction to Sustainable Design, National Pollution Prevention Centre for Higher Education, Michigan,

         USA,.

22-   Kunszt, Gyorgy (2003). Sustainable Architecture, Periodical Polytechnica –Vol.47 – No.1.

23-   Ottam C. Jin (1985). Regionalism-Resource for Identity.

24-   Saarinen, Eyal, (1996). The city: emerge - rift - their future, translated by Mahmoud Hamandi, University of Baghdad.

25-   Semper, Gottefried (1981) Der stil, Architectural Design, London.

26-   Shulz, Norberg, Schulz (1998). The Two Faces of Postmodernism.

27-   Shulz, Norberg; Christian (1996). The Phenomenon of Place- Theorizing a New Agenda for Architecture, Anthology of Architecture Theory 1965-1995, edit by Nesbitt, Kate,

          Princeton Architectural Press, New York.

28-   Smith, Peter (1977) .The Syntax of Cities, London, Melbourne Sydney Auckland.

29-   Steele, James (1997) .Sustainable Architecture: Principles, Paradigms, and Case Studies, McGraw-Hill, USA.

30-   Toffler, art (1990). Civilization  ... Third wave, translation: Essam Qasim Sheikh, dar al jamhirrya for publication and distribution, advertising, Libya.

31-    Wandemberg, JC (August 2015). Sustainable by Design. Amazon. p. 122. ISBN 1516901789. Retrieved 16 February 2016.

32-   Williams,   P.   L (2007). Sustainable Historic Conservation: Back To the Future, Gibson Mill – York Shire, USA.