Issues‎ > ‎Vol6No3‎ > ‎

sjes.10101


Re-defining the traditional neighborhood areas in the historical city center- Saray Sulaimani as a case study
1,a Hoshyar Q. Rasul ,2,a Hussein D. Muhammed

Technical Engineering College, Sulaimani polytechnic university (SPU)

Received : 30/07/2018, Accepted : 07/10/2018,Published : 1/5/ 2019
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.17656/sjes.10101
ABSTRACT 

     

It is widely accepted, that historic urban quarters are coherent entities, which are clearly identified by their traditional character and architectural values and meanings.

These areas have been described as critical areas in the city, because they hold and kept in the same time the identity of the city, and been more decayed day by day due to obsolescence phenomenon which faced these areas continuously. In this regard, Sulaimania city center showed many kinds of developments, which are totally not exceeds the individual buildings oriented. The way that these individual buildings had become as a landmark of the city, because of its richness in holding many historical, architectural, heritage values. The last was the rehabilitation of Sulaimania - Saray building. Examination of successful examples of revitalization projects for historic urban quarters in different cities shows that, aside from the application of effective organizational, legal, fiscal, financial tools, correct identification of the contextual attributes during the analytical stage plays a key role in determining the appropriate strategic approach to revitalization. From this point of view, the problem research derived as the lack of contextualism perspective in revitalization projects in historical traditional areas in the city center leads to what known as building based instead of area-based protection. The study tries to achieve objectives underlying as necessity of treating these areas as one integrative unit which are participating in drawing the context of urban scene, and any effort to separate building from its context leads to fragment the urban tissue specially in the urban center, and of course this whole view can pave the road to re-define these decayed areas in the way described as more widely and sustainable method.



KEYWORDS:    

Historical urban quarter, traditional neighborhood, Redefining, contextualism, identity of place.

REFERENCES
1- Beaver, R. (ed.), (2006). The architecture of adrian smith, som: Toward a sustainable future (master architect series vii). Images Publishing Group Pty Ltd.
2- Burden, E. E., & Hill , M. (2001). Illustrated dictionary of architecture. Professional; 2 edition
3- Capon, D. S.,(1999). “Architectural Theory – Volume 2: Le Corbusier`s Legacy” . John Wiley & Sons
4- Çizgen, Gültekin, 2012 “Rethinking The Role of Context and Contextualism in Architecture and Design - Master Thesis .. Eastern Mediterranean University / September 2012 - Gazimağusa, North Cyprus
5- Delgado, j. Cantu – 2008 “rebuilding the spirit of place” https://www.icomos.org/quebec2008/cd/toindex/77_ pdf/77-LsQN-152.pdf)
6- Doratli, N. (2000) A model for conservation and revitalization of historic urban quarters in northern Cyprus, pp. 37–40, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Eastern Mediterranean University, Gazimag˘ USA.
7- DORATLI, NACIYE, 2005 “Revitalizing Historic Urban Quarters: A Model for Determining the Most Relevant Strategic Approach” European Planning Studies Vol. 13, No. 5, July 2005 Taylor & Francis Group Ltd
8- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redevelopment
9- Liechfield, N. (1988) Economics of Urban Conservation, pp. 25, 132 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
10- Lynch, K. 1972 What Time is This Place? MIT Press: Cambridge, MA, USA
11- N. Doratli et al. 2004 “Revitalization strategies in historic urban quarters”: Cities, Vol. 21, No. 4, p. 329–348, 2004
12- Nesbitt, K.,(eds.) (1996). “Theorizing a new agenda for architecture; an anthology of architectural theory 1965-1995”, New York: Princeton architectural Press;2nd edition
13- Rossi, A. 1982 “The Architecture of the City”; Opposition Books: New York, NY, USA,
14- Sotoudeh, H. (2012). Affected variables on successful infill design in urban historic context.
15- Tiesdell, S., Oc, T. & Heath, T. (1996) Revitalizing Historic Urban Quarters, pp. 18–39, 41–42, 135 (Cornwall: Architectural Press).