Issues‎ > ‎Vol6No2‎ > ‎

sjes.10090


Reuse Techniques of Residential Stock in Urban fabric of the Old Cities Analytical study of international experiences in sustainability of historic centers
1,a Asst. Prof. Dr. Emad H. AlAllaf ,2,a Mohammed M.AlHayali
a Architecture Department, College of Engineering, University of Mosul

Received : 21/07/2018, Accepted : 24/09/2018 , Published : 01/04/2019
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.17656/sjes.10090
ABSTRACT 

      

       Traditional residential buildings within the urban fabric of old cities are one of the most densely populated housing patterns in the Arab countries, which represent an important part that provides shelter for a large group of residents with its unique characteristics. Due to the factors of decay and deterioration over time, many of these buildings become unsuitable for occupancy, demand a rapid intervention to revitalize and utilize. Globally, in many successful experiences, many of these sectors have been re-employed and rehabilitated by either a maintenance-based methodology as part of the local heritage to be maintained or by prolonging its functional age by exploiting a new use to serve the local community. In the Arab world, the heritage cities have been suffering from many problems, the most important of which is the negative impact of urban development on the residential environment, because it has not been able to meet the current requirements, making it an unsuitable environment for modern housing, causing a change in its accommodation functional structure, and to convert to other employments, and with its indigenous inhabitants abandoned, threatened the social and historical value of its urban fabric. The research aims at presenting general guidelines that can be adopted in the rehabilitation of traditional residential buildings by examining the possibility of accepting the characteristics of these buildings to the contemporary requirements without harming their heritage value, by reviewing and analyzing a number of successful international experiences in the rehabilitation field of old cities, and extracting a set of principal guidelines for the purpose of employment in the sustainability of traditional housing stocks


KEYWORDS:    

Architectural Conservation, Reconstruction, Heritage Residential Buildings, Old Mosul


REFERENCES
1- Alallaf, Emad H., (2013), “4REs for safeguarding Mosul built heritage”, the 2nd conference of Engineering, University of Mosul, Iraq.
2- Booth, E., (1979),“Enhancement in Conservation Areas”,The Planner 79,4, pp. 22.
3- Conejos, Sheila, (2013), “Designing for Future Building Adaptive Reuse”, Unpublished PhD thesis, Institute of Sustainable Development and Architecture Bond University, Gold Coast, Australia, 12 April.
4- Douglas, J., (2006), “Building Adaptation”, 2nd edn, Elsevier Ltd., UK.
5- Douglas, J. (2006). Building chitecture and identity, North Cyprus: East Adaptation (2nd ed.). London: Routledge
6- Feilden, B.M., (1989), Guidelines for Conservation: a Technical Manual (Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage/INTACH, New Delhi.
7- Florian Steinberg, (1996), “Conservation and rehabilitation of urban heritage in developing countries”, Habitat International, Volume 20, Issue 3, September, Pages 463–475.
8- Graber, O., (1993), “Why History: the Meanings and Uses of Tradition”, Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review 4, 2, pp. 19-26.
9- ICOMOS (1964), The Venice Charter, International Charter For The Conservation And Restoration Of Monuments And Sites, 2nd International Congress of Architects and Technicians of Historic Monuments, Venice, Italy.
10- ICOMOS , Charter On The Built Vernacular Heritage (1999) Ratified by the ICOMOS 12th General Assembly, Mexico, October 1999.
11- ICOMOS, (1994), The Nara Document On Authenticity, Nara, Japan.
12- Langston, C., (2008), “The sustainability implications of building adaptive reuse (keynote paper) ”, paper presented to CRIOCM2008, Beijing, Oct/Nov.
13- Langston, C., (2012), “Validation of the adaptive reuse potential (ARP) model using iconCUR”, Facilities, vol. 30, no. 3/4, pp. 10-23.
14- Plevoets, Bie, (2009), “Retail Reuse of historic buildings”, faculty of engineering, Raymond Lemaire International Center For Conservation, Katholieke University Leuven, June.
15- Plevoets, Bie, and Cleempoel, Koenraad Van, 2011, Adaptive reuse within the retail design discipline: exploring the concept of authenticity, Proceedings of the Conference : Architectural Design between Teaching and Research, Bari, Italy
16- Robert, P. 1989: Adaptations. New Uses for Old Buildings. Paris: Editions du Moniteur.
17- Ryder, Lori J., (1995) “Butler Center: A case for the adaptive reuse of industrial buildings”, Unpublished master thesis, Faculty of New Jersey Institute of Technology, School of Architecture, October.
18- United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, Pre-conference draft report (United Nations, New York, June 1992).
19- Wang, Huey-jiun, Guang-long , Huang, Yun-su and Zeng, Zhi-teng, (2010), “Evaluation of Designs for Reuse of Japanese Style Houses in Taiwan”, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering,Vol.9, No.1May, pp.117-124.
20- Yudelson, J., (2010), “Greening Existing Buildings”, McGraw Hill Companies, Inc., USA.
21- Yung, Esther H.K., Chan, Edwin H.W., (2012), “Implementation challenges to the adaptive reuse of heritage buildings: Towards the goals of sustainable, low carbon cities”, J. Habitat International, No.36, , pp352-361.
22- Rahbarianyazd, R., Nia, A., H. & Doratli, N., (2013), Sustainable development in historic environment: Adaptive re-use of four historical churches in the Walled city of Famagusta, North Cyprus, Global Journal on Advances in Pure & Applied Sciences, pp 386-393.
23- دهنة، عبد الحميد، ) 2013 (، أسس وضوابط عملية إعادة تأهيل المباني التاريخية في مدينة حلب القديمة، رسالة ماجستير غير منشورة، جامعة حلب، سوريا . 
24- عامر، شادي عكاشة، ) 2016 (، إعادة تأهيل المباني التراثية وتأثيراتها على استدامة عمليات الحفاظ دراسة حالة لمدينتي( فوة  القصير)، المجلة الهندسية لجامعة الازهر، المجلد 11 ، العدد 39.
25- مأمون خليل، ميرفت، التنمية السياحية في مواقع التراث العمراني التحديات والمعوقات مدينة الكرك حالة - - - دراسية ، ص 18 ، بحث مقدم لندوة التراث العمراني وسبل المحافظة عليه ، الرياض ، شعبان 1424 ها 2003 . السواط، 12 ، 13 على النت : 
 https://historicalcities.wordpress.com
-26 https://www.archdaily.com/369809/professional-cooking-school-in-ancient
-27 http://www.almjhar.com/
-28 http://www.esyria.sy/
-29 http://www.searchinsyria.com.
-30 موقع بناة : www.bonah.org