Issues‎ > ‎Vol6No2‎ > ‎


Reciprocal Relationships of Formative Attribute in Ottoman Mosques
Talaat I. Alaane

Architecture Department, College of Engineering, University of Mosul

Received : 03/01/2019, Accepted : 02/05/2019
DOI Link:


        Islamic architecture was the most obvious physical incarnation of Islamic civilization, and still. Thus, this object attracts an increased attention of architectural researchers and critics in general, especially, the concept of form and its attributes as it leads to deeper understanding of Islamic architecture models generally. This paper measures the integrated form application by the parameters of formal reciprocal relationships, which produce the final form that expresses an integrated system with formal connections eventually. These connections are usable as a design approach to achieve an architectural design with unique geometrical language that has multi-level features of an integral and reciprocal dimension. Architectural design principles of Ottoman mosques, as an important stage and style of Islamic architecture, have applied these parameters and relationships. The reciprocal relationships of formative attributes in these mosques imply a clear harmony and integration in a high geometrical discipline. The smooth flowing of reciprocity between plan and section is precise and balanced. As the basic effective feature to reach such precision in relationships is emerged from the volume- structure duality. These properties created the aesthetic phases for the general form of Ottoman mosques. It is pivotal to deploy these parameters and features in the act of producing architectural designs which have the continuity with the legacy of Islamic architecture, as well as creating the spirit of identity that has an obvious privacy, and deep civil and historical belonging.


Islamic Architecture , Ottoman Mosques,  Formative Attributes.

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