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The impact of land potential on urban transformations as measured by performed activities in residential neighborhoods of Erbil city

1Dr. Hamid Turki Haykal  1Dr. Faris Ali Mustafa 1Nashmil Shwan Abdulrahman

1University of Salahaddin, College of Engineering, Architectural  Engineering Department

Received: 03/01/2018, Accepted: 06/05/2018

The involvement of the people with different social, economic, and cultural features causes the cities to be complicated and continually self-changing settlement units. The changes happen due to human impact, as they are likely to shape the space where they live in and are lined with their own wishes and needs. However, the most serious problems of the urban space have begun to be taken under the name “urban transformation process”. Urban transformation process as a continuous process has had important effects on the cities, one of which is the transformation of urban residential spaces. The purpose of this study is to examine the underlying causes of residential transformation activities which are potential of land. Through discussing the main aspects of residential transformation, the specific research problem has been formulated as “the impact of land potential on performed activities for neighborhood units in Erbil city is still unstudied”. Set of indicators are determined to be used in the practical part of this study. The main indicators that contributed in measuring the land potential for neighborhood units are the distance from city center (m), the street width (m), the dwelling unit plot area (m2) and the area of green open spaces (m2) .Other indicators have been assumed to measure the performed activities such as construction license, reconstruction license, trading level and land price. Correlation methodology has been adopted to analyze the direction and strength of relation between quantitative variables. The study conducted general survey for (47) neighborhood units for studying impact of land potential on performed activities. The numerical results were calculated through SPSS program. The contribution of this study lies in its role in extending the theoretical debates in the transformation literature to the potential of land.


neighborhood unit; urban transformation; land potential; performed activities.