sjes-10032

Impact of Planning on Quality Implementation of Engineering Projects 
Case Study: Koya District, Hawler Provence – Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Peshawa J. Muhammad Ali, Bahman Omar Taha, Rezhna Hassan Faraj

Department of Software Engineering - Koya University
Department of Civil Engineering - Erbil Polytechnic University
Chemistry Department - Koya University


Received : 09/03/2015, Accepted : 20/12/2015

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.17656/sjes.10032

ABSTRACT
A
Project success means different things to different peoples, public projects are services of general interest which grabs the attention of most of citizens. Infrastructure of cities, public buildings and road must be implemented according to a plan set by city council or city authorities and then to be implemented by engineering directorates. Project success is a complicated process has economic, environmental, political and social trends. Success of project measured through proper planning, cost, quality, functionality, and on time completion. In order to show the consequences of poor and faulty project planning, a number of unfinished, badly finished and/or deserted construction projects have been thoroughly analyzed. Accordingly, 20 constructional public service projects are considered. The included area of the study covers Koya district in Kurdistan-Iraq (36.084643N, 44.627252E) while the time span of the study extends to thirteen years, including projects started in January 2000. A questionnaire form is distributed among 50 experts living in the Koya district itself. Experts are professionals in different sectors relating to construction, management and planning. They are asked for their openion about the success of these projects as well as the reason of failure if exist. For this purpose seven predefined casues of failure were specified by authors. Results showed that the main reason for failure is lack of planning, and the most common secondary reason for failure is the functionality problem (project not function well for some reason). This research concluded that lack of a unified perspective for the future of the district, and the absence of long-term city master plan are the main reasons behind poor planning and implementation of the projects.


KEYWORDS: Koya, planning, project success.

REFERENCES

1. Khidir Masum Hawrami, “Education and Urban Development in Koya City”, proceedings of the first international symposium on urban development, Iraq, Koya, Koya University, 2013, pp.1-6. WIT press, DOI: 10.2495/ISUD130011 http://www.witpress.com/elibrary/wit-transactionson-ecology-and-the-environment/77/25337.
2. Saman Mirza Abdullah, “A time series based prediction model for urban development plans using an Artificial Neural Network: Koya in 2020”, proceedings of the first international symposium on urban development, Iraq, Koya, Koya University, 2013, pp.257-262. WIT press, DOI: 10.2495/ISUD130331
http://www.witpress.com/elibrary/wit-transactionson-ecology-and-the-environment/77/25370.
3. Salim Faqe Rzgar چەندپێشنیارێك بۆئەوەى, ئەوەى لەرابردوودا ” نەبێتەوە دووبارە لەداهاتوودا لەكۆیەبووە ,“Kurdistanpost ejournal website, 2010. http://www.kurdistanpost.com/view.asp?id=9552b9 20.
4. Albert P.C. Chan, “Framework For Measuring Success Of Projects”; Research Program C, Construction Project Delivery Strategies, Report 2001-003-C-01, Cooperative Research Centre for Construction, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, 2001. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/26531/1/2001-003-C-01_Framework_for_Measuring_Success.pdf.
5. Albert P.C. Chan, A.,David Scott, and Ada P.L. Chan, ”Factors Affecting the Success of a Construction Project.” J. Constr. Eng. Manage., 130(1), pp.153–155, (2004). http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%290733-9364%282004%29130%3A1%28153%29
6. Aftab H. Memon, Ismail abdul-Rahman, Mohd R. abdullah, Ade A. Abdul-Aziz, “Time Overrun in Construction Projects from the Perspective of Project Management Consultant (PMC)”, Journal of Surveying, Construction & Property, 2 (1), pp. 54-66, 2011. https://www.academia.edu/2472079/Time_Overrun_in_Construction_Projects_from_the_Perspective_of_Project_Management_Consultant_PMC_
7. M. Haseeb, Xinhai-Lu, Aneesa Bibi, Maloof-udDyian, and Wahab Rabbani “Problems of project and effects of delays in the construction industry of Pakistan”, Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 1 (5), pp. 41-50, 2011. http://www.ajbmr.com/articlepdf/AJBMR_16_02.pdf 
8. Abdelhak Challal, and Mohamed Tkiouat, “Identification of the Causes of Deadline Slippage in Construction Projects: State of the Art and Application”, Journal of Service Science and Management, 5, pp. 151-159, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jssm.2012.52019
9. Peshawa J. Muhammad Ali and Rezhna H. Faraj; “Traffic congestion problem and solutions, the road between Sawz square and Shahidan square at Koya city as a case study”, proceeding of the first international symposium on urban development, Iraq, Koya, Koya University, 2013, pp.125-133. WIT press, DOI: 10.2495/ISUD130151. http://library.witpress.com/pages/PaperInfo.asp?PaperID=25351
10. Saleh Zakaria1, Nadhir Al-Ansari, Yaseen T. Mustafa, M. D. J. Alshibli, Sven Knutsson; “Macro Rain Water Harvesting Network to Estimate Annual Runoff at Koysinjaq (Koya) District, Kurdistan Region of Iraq”, Engineering Journal, Scientific Research, (5), 2013, pp.956-966. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/eng.2013.512117
a

FULL TEXT: