Some heavy Metal pollution investigation in Sulaimani province groundwater.

Some heavy Metal pollution investigation in Sulaimani province groundwater.

Ali Bawasheakh Ahmad1, Akram. O. Esmail 2

1Soil and Water Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani City, Kurdistan Region, 


2 College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin, Erbil, Kurdistan Region,

Article info

Original: 26 Mar  2015
Revised: 9 May  2015
Accepted: 31 May 2015
Published online: 
20 Dec. 2015 

Key Words: 
Heavy metals, Anthropogenic, Contamination, Enrichment Factor (EF), Contamination Factor (CF), Contamination degree (Cd), Pollution load Index (PLI) and Geo accumulation Index (Igeo)


The paper aims to go into the impact of some heavy metal contamination in the Sulaimani province groundwater for irrigation purpose. Water samples were collected from (36) locations in the study area that not the same and the heavy metals such as (Iron, Zinc, Copper and Manganese) were finding out by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Heavy metal contamination appraisal in ground water required cognition of pre anthropogenic metal concentrations to act as a reference against which measured values can be compared. Groundwater taint by heavy metal was accomplished using Enrichment Factor (EF), Metal Contamination Index (MCI), Contamination Factor (CF), Pollution Index (PI), Contamination degree (Cd), modified Contamination Degree (mCd), Pollution load Index (PLI) and Index of geo accumulation (Igeo). Established on the above exponents, the results indicate the study groundwater resources to be very low degree of contamination. 

Kewan Omer,
Dec 22, 2015, 1:29 PM