Effect of chelated iron, iron filings and sulfur on vegetative, yield and fruit characteristics of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch) Cv. Cadonca

Effect of chelated iron, iron filings and sulfur on vegetative, yield and fruit characteristics of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch) Cv. Cadonca


Shukri H. Salih Bani
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Duhok, Department of Horticulture, Zakho Street, Duhok, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.
E-mail: shukri.haji@uod.ac  
      







Article info


Original: 19 Apr. 2015
Revised: 20 May  2015
Accepted: 31 May 2015
Published online: 
20 Dec. 2015 


Key Words:
Strawberry, chelated iron, iron filings, sulfur.
  
     


Abstract
The present study was conducted during growing season 2013-2014, to investigate the effects of chelated iron (0, 50 and 100mg Fe l-1), iron filings (0 and 10g plant-1) and agricultural sulfur (0 and 10g S plant-1) on vegetative, yield and fruit characteristics of strawberry Cadonca cultivar. The results showed that the foliar spray with chelated iron (50 and 100mg Fe l-1) and soil treatment with iron filings (10g  plant-1) caused significant increases in each of leaf iron content, leaf total chlorophyll content, leaf dry matter percentage, plant yield, and fruit total soluble solids. Soil treatment with agriculture sulfur (10g S plant-1) also caused increases in each of leaf iron content, leaf total chlorophyll content, leaf dry matter percentage, plant yield, and fruit total acidity but did not reach to significant levels.
The effect of interactions between each of iron filings + sulfur, iron filings +cheleted iron and sulfur + chelated iron were significant with the most of parameters. The interaction between 10g iron filings plant-1 + 10g S plant -1, 10g iron filings plant-1+100mg chelated iron l-1 and 10g S plant -1 + 100mg chelated iron l-1 significantly increased the most studied parameters. In respect of interaction of the three studied factors, the interaction of 10g iron filings plant-1 + 10g S plant-1 +100mg chelated iron l-1 was the best thrice interaction in promoting the most studied characteristics.


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Kewan Omer,
Dec 22, 2015, 2:32 PM