Genetic Evaluation and Factors Affecting Post Weaning Growth Performance and Body Dimensions of Awassi Lambs

Genetic Evaluation and Factors Affecting Post Weaning Growth Performance and Body Dimensions of Awassi Lambs

Yousif, M. S. Al-Barzinji 1*, Haval I. A. Gardi1

1 Dept. of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin- Hawler, Kurdistan Region - Iraq,

Article info

Original: 11 Jan. 2015
Revised: 5 Feb. 2015
Accepted: 10 Mar. 2015
Published online:  20 Sep. 2015 

Key Words:
Genetic evaluation
Awassi lamb
Growth performance BLUP

Present study was done to determent the genetic evaluations and effects of some non-genetic factors on post weaning performance and body dimensions of Awassi lambs in Iraqi Kurdistan Region. A total of 86 lambs were used in this study post weaning weight, gains and body dimensions until marketing age (6 month) were estimated on each lamb. Data was subjected to analysis of variance to determine the effects of sex, horn, and interaction between them on the growth and body dimensions of lambs. Sex, horn and sex X horn significantly affected body weights and dimensions at all ages. Male and horned lambs gave significantly higher weight and daily gain at different ages, as well as the horned male and female gave higher weight and daily gain. Significant positive correlations were found among body weight at different age, and all correlation among weights with body dimensions at different ages were significant positive correlation except the correlation among HG with body weight and  dimensions at four month age. The stepwise regression model were used to predict the body weight at 4 months of age obtained for three out of eight dimensions with 61% R², but the best model to predict the body weight at 5 months of age obtained for five dimensions with 87% R² and best one for marketing age obtained from six dimensions with 88% R².
The effects of non-genetic factors necessary to be corrected before make the genetic evaluations among animals, for it mixed model procedure ( Such as BLUP) are to be used and BLUP values for lambs ranged from -11.902 to 10.697 kg for marketing weight. These results indicated that there are high genetic variations among lambs for this trait and it means that selection can play a big role in improving growth performance in Awassi lambs.

Kewan Omer,
Sep 20, 2015, 9:13 AM